AbstractThe sectarian politics is known as communal politics in south Asia, particularly in India. The division of colonial India and two nation theory was the greatest outcome of such politics. After independence, there has been a significant rise in the communal politics to consolidate votes by various political parties. In early nineties, a political party became a major political power using such tactics. Divide and rule on the basis of caste was the formula used by the several caste leaders. The new equations were established and these also instigated the tendency of forming regional parties based on regional and caste chauvinism. The number of such regional and caste based parties grew substantially during last decade hence there was a need of new caste combination. Beside this, the larger and sharper segregation was based on religion. The study attempts to assess the new elevations in communal politics in India. The finer nuances of public opinion and indirect methods of thought control are being used to dope the sectarian policies pertaining social development measures. Study found that the congress party has largest stake in this communal architect and the party is also the largest beneficiary of this design. These measures would keep it in power until the existence of an equal wise opposition.